It's Very Simple: The True Story of Civil Rights
Chapter 11

The Rest of the Igloo

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The strategy is simple: "You do something that drastically inconveniences people, forcing them to either negotiate with you or to be violent against you."
Summary
This chapter begins with a description of the "non-violent" acts of CORE (the Congress on Racial Equality), including blocking work at construction sites, vandalizing stores, blocking bridges, and jamming stairwells in office buildings to keep people from entering or exiting.

The expected result, of course, is that the people either negotiate with them or result to violence., and if they turn to violence, you come out looking morally superior.

MLK, we learn, was a member of CORE's national advisory committee. Some chapters of CORE, we are told, had been taken over by Black Nationalists, Black Muslims, and Communists.

CORE's national director was James Farmer, who refused to attend the 1963 march on Washington because he wanted to do "something far more irritating." He said of CORE, "We're much more militant that Malcolm X[,] we're activists."

Here follows a lengthy quotation discussing several CORE-sponsored demonstrations, and the people who attended them, including the head of the 42nd Ward Communist Club, vice chairman of the Communist Party of the USA, and others.

One attendee, William S. Massingale, was "former vice chairman of the Communist Party of Missouri and Communist candidate for alderman in St. Louis in 1943." He denied both being a member of CORE but also of being a Communist.

The only serious organizational principle the active workers of our movement can accept is: Strict secrecy. –Lenin

Next, we learn about many of the people who have been arrested at the demonstrations sponsored by CORE, including hundreds of known Communists. We learn that "Eastern CORE leaders" signed onto a call for a new national "socialist youth organization."

We learn that, of course, CORE also works with the SCLC, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. This latter group received over ten thousand dollars from the SCEF over one eighteen month period. We also are told of a letter from an officer of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to Communist James Dombrowski, informing him that they feared to be openly identified with the SCEF. This letter is written on the letterhead of the Highlander Folk School.

Another letter from the SNCC thanks Dombrowski for funds, cooperation, and "certain channels of communication" made available by the SNEC.

The Louisiana Joint Legislative Committee on Un-American Activities concludes that the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and Southern Christian Leadership Conference "are substantially under the control of the Communist Party through the influence of the Southern Conference Educational Fund and the Communists who manage it."

The Louisiana Joint Legislative Committee's report, we are told, "ties Martin Luther King to Communist leaders." What it also does, the author pinpoints, "is irrevocably to tie up the violents with the nonviolents… [and] show that both are two legs on the same bug."

To further establish this point, we learn that "Andrew D. Weinberger, a national vice-president of the NAACP, is listed as treasurer on the 1957 letterhead of the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, one of the most active Communist organizations in the United States at the present time," and that another national vice-president, John Wesley Dobbs, is on the board of directors for the SCEF, also having signed an amicus curiae brief to the U.S. Supreme Court in behalf of the Communist Party in 1955.

Surprisingly, we also learn from this report that out of 236 national directors for the NAACP, 145 "have been involved, in one way or another, with Communist enterprises."

And that's just from the Louisiana report. The investigations of the House Committee on Un-American Activities show that between 59 officers and other leaders of the NAACP there were associations with more than 450 Communist fronts.

"It is important to remember," says the author, "that membership in a Communist front doesn't necessarily mean that a man is a member of the Communist conspiracy… the whole point to a front is to win the support for a specific, limited objective of the Communist program, of exactly those people who are not Communists, and thereby give that objective a good odor, or at least cover the smell."

By this logic, then, he explains that for a member of the NAACP to belong to a few Communist fronts we might be excused in assuming that he "may only have been victimized. But for an official of the NAACP to belong to a dozen–that's reasonable grounds for suspicion."
Analysis
While we have not been given, in this book, any information about the formation of the NAACP, it seems that they are a perfect example of a group that was infiltrated by Communists and either taken over, or led to give full support to Communist objectives. This may explain some of the historic actions of the NAACP, and even their stated objectives, which include securing "political, educational, social, and economic equality." History.com states that known Communist W. E. B. DuBois was one of the founders.[1]


References:

[1] NAACP (history.com) <https://www.history.com/topics/civil-rights-movement/naacp, accessed 2021-02-16.>
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